From Silence to Memory: Revelations of the AHPN

Author: Kate Doyle
Publisher: University of Oregon Libraries
Keywords: ahpn, revelations, memory, silence
Number of Pages: 476
Published: 2013-01-01
ISBN-10: 0985820403
ISBN-13: 9780985820404

Book Description:

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Foreword ............................................................................................. xiii

Preface to the English Translation ....................................................... xvii

Preface ................................................................................................. xxiii

Acknowledgements ............................................................................. xxv

Prologue .............................................................................................. xxix

Introduction ......................................................................................... xxxiii

Structure of the Report ........................................................................ lix

Chapter I

Structure and Functions of the National Police, 1975-1985 ............... 1

1. Details of the History of the Police Institution ............................... 1

2. Established Legal Functions ........................................................... 5

 2.1 The Constitution of 1965 and the Founding Statute of 1982 .. 5

 2.2 The Organic Law of the National Police ................................. 7

 2.3 Government Accords ............................................................... 15

 2.4 Orders Issued by the Directorate General of the PN................. 15

 2.5 Criminal Investigation ............................................................. 24

 2.5.1 Investigation and Intelligence Agencies ......................... 24

 a) The Committee for National Defense against 

 Communism and the Preventive Penal Law against 

 Communism ............................................................... 25

 b) The Directorate General of National Security ............ 26

c) The Criminal Investigations Section, Office of

 Internal Investigations, and Central Complaints 

 Section ........................................................................ 30

 d) Corps of Detectives, 1970-1982 .................................. 36viii National Police Historical Archive

 e) The Judicial Police Section, 1973-1982 ........................... 38

 f) The Department of Technical Investigation, 1982-1986 .. 39

 2.5.2 Other Agencies Involved in Investigation and 

 Pursuit of Crime................................................................... 41

 a) The Center for Joint Police Operations ........................... 41

 b) The Fifth Corps (BROE/COE) ............................................ 45

 c) The Special Investigations Section or Command Six .... 48

 3. Types of Documents Relevant to the 

 Investigation of Human Rights ........................................................... 50 

3.1 “Oficios” ....................................................................................... 50

3.2 “Providencias” ............................................................................. 52

 3.3 Memorandum ............................................................................... 54 

 3.3.1 Memorandum for the Information of the Head 

 of State, Commander in Chief of the Army, and the

 Minister of Defense ............................................................. 55

 3.4 Telegrams and Radiograms ......................................................... 57

 3.5 Circulars ....................................................................................... 61

 3.6 New Developments ...................................................................... 63

 3.7 Complaints .................................................................................... 71

 3.8 Record Cards ................................................................................. 77

 3.8.1 Criminal, Political, and Social Record Cards ....................... 77

3.8.2 Identification Bureau Record Cards .................................... 78

 3.9 Reports ......................................................................................... 79

 3.9.1 Corpse and Injury Reports .................................................. 80

 3.9.2 Investigation Reports .......................................................... 82

3.9.3 Confidential Agent Reports ................................................. 84

 3.10 Work Records ............................................................................. 86

 3.11 Name Records ............................................................................ 88

 3.11.1 Person Lists ....................................................................... 88

 3.11.2 Personnel Lists .................................................................. 91

 3.11.3 Prisoner Lists .................................................................... 93

 3.12 General Orders ........................................................................... 93

 3.13 Security Orders .......................................................................... 96

 3.14 Operational Plans ....................................................................... 98

 3.15 Security Plans ............................................................................ 101

4. Classification of Information .............................................................. 101From Silence to Memory - Revelations of the AHPN ix

4.1 DocumentsClassified “Confidential” .......................................... 101

4.2 Documents Classified “Secret” .................................................... 104

Chapter II 

Relations between the State Security Forces .......................................... 105

1. Antecedents to Joint Operations ......................................................... 106

 1.1 USAID in Guatemala ...................................................................... 107

 1.2 Army Joint Operations Center (Centro de Operaciones 

 Conjuntas del Ejército, JOC/COC) .................................................. 115

2. Relations between the PN and the National Army .............................. 119

 2.1 Legal Framework ......................................................................... 119

2.2 Army Officers, Chiefs of the Police Institution ........................... 123

 2.3 Obedience and Subordination ...................................................... 126

 2.4 Communication Flows ................................................................. 141

 2.4.1 Flow of Written Communication between the PN and other

 Agencies within the Executive Branch ............................... 144

 2.4.2 Flow of Written Communication between the Army and 

 the PN ................................................................................... 151

 2.5 Functions of the PN in Security Orders 

 and Operational Plans .................................................................. 157

3. Agencies and Structures for Joint Coordination .................................. 184

 3.1 “The Regional” or “The Archive” ................................................ 186

 3.2 The Center for Compilation of Information and 

 Operations (CRIO) ........................................................................ 191

 3.3 The Center for Joint Police Operations (COCP) ............................ 207

 3.4 Police Commands ........................................................................ 215

 3.4.1 Special Operations Command (COE) ................................... 217

 3.4.2 Command Six ...................................................................... 226

Chapter III

The Role of the National Police in the Context of the 

Internal Armed Conflict, 1975-1985 ........................................................ 229

1. Population Registration and Files ........................................................ 230

 1.1 The Master File Record ................................................................ 232

1.2 Personal Identification Archive .................................................... 239

2. Population Surveillance and Control ................................................... 242

 2.1 Public and Everyday Life ............................................................. 242x National Police Historical Archive

 2.2 “Cleansing Operations” ............................................................... 245

2.2.1 “Cleansing Operations” Resulting

 in Forced Disappearances .................................................... 253

 2.3 House Searches ............................................................................. 255

 2.4 Personal and Vehicle Search Operations ...................................... 260

3. Surveillance, Control, Persecution, and Elimination 

 of the Political Opposition 267

 3.1 Operations against “Guerrilla Strongholds” ............................... 268

 3.2 Monitoring of Leaders, Organizations, and Activities of the

 Protest Movement ........................................................................ 273

3.2.1 Confidential Information and Investigative Reports ........... 273

 3.3 Surveillance and Monitoring of Rebel Leaders and 

 Organizations ............................................................................... 290

 3.3.1 Operational Manuals and Instruction Books ....................... 290

 3.3.2 Information Revealing the Monitoring 

 of Rebel Organizations ........................................................ 295

4. The National Police as a Source of Intelligence Information ............. 299

4.1 Secret and Confidential Documents ............................................. 302

4.2 Confidential Agent Networks ...................................................... 306

 4.3 The Lists: Systematized Information ........................................... 314 

Chapter IV

Investigation Files.................................................................................... 317

1. Introduction ......................................................................................... 317

 1.1 Investigation File ......................................................................... 317

 1.2 Investigation Case ....................................................................... 318

2. Search Strategy .................................................................................. 318

3. Illustrative Cases ................................................................................ 323

 3.1 María Ángela Ayala Saravia ........................................................ 323

 3.2 Augusto Vásquez Hernández ...................................................... 341

 3.3 Oliverio Castañeda de León ........................................................ 349

 3.4 Juan Sotoj Olivares ..................................................................... 377

 3.5 Jorge Alberto Chávez Vásquez 

 and Héctor Manuel de León Escobar ........................................... 387

3.6 Anastacio Sotz Coy and Vicente Hernández Camey ......................... 411

3.7 Manuel Colom Argueta ..................................................................... 431From Silence to Memory - Revelations of the AHPN xi

Final Considerations ................................................................................ 459

Acronyms Used ....................................................................................... 467

References ............................................................................................... 473


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