Science Dissemination using Open Access

Authors: E. Canessa , M. Zennaro
Publisher: ICTP - The Abdus Salam International Centre for Th
Keywords: access, open, using, dissemination, science
Number of Pages: 196
Published: 2007-08-01
ISBN-10: 9295003403
ISBN-13: 9789295003408

Book Description:

Open Access means aims to remove restrictions that exist on the access to articles and knowledge to the world-wide scholarly community, in particular to those in developing countries. Scientists in these countries still have difficulty in publishing their work due to the lack of access to the network, to their institutional economic difficulties or to the lack of awareness of available Open Access solutions.

The visibility, usage and impact of researchers’ own findings can increase with Open Access, as does their power to find, access and use the work of others.

This book aims to guide the scientific community on the requirements of Open Access, and the plethora of low-cost solutions available. A compendium of selected literature on Open Access is presented to increase the awareness of the potential of open publishing in general.

The book also aims to encourage decision makers in academia and research centers to adopt institutional and regional Open Access Journals and Archives to make their own scientific results public and fully searchable on the Internet.

 

Table of Contents

PART 1: SELECTED LITERATURE

 1

Overview

 3

What is Open Access?........................................................... 5

Who benefits from Open Access?.......................................... 6

Why is Open Access important?............................................ 7

Open Access: “Strong” and “Weak”....................................... 7

Six things that researchers need to know about Open Access. 9

Declarations

 13

Budapest Open Access Initiative............................................ 14

Berlin declaration on Open Access to knowledge in the sciences 

and humanities...................................................................... 14

Open letter signed by 25 Nobel Prize winners....................... 16

Open Access to science in Developing Countries

21

Starting a new scholarly Open Access journal in Africa.......... 25

The African Physical Review: An example.............................. 28

Types of journals published

 31

General journals.................................................................... 32

Specialized journals.............................................................. 34

Regional journals................................................................... 34

Institutional journals.............................................................. 34

Annual reviews...................................................................... 35

Deciding on a publication type.............................................. 35

Getting professional

 37

Challenges for new journals................................................... 38

Measuring your impact.......................................................... 39

Journal standards and identifiers............................................ 40

Building reliable and ongoing content................................... 42

Lots of Copies Keeps Stuff Safe (LOCKSS).............................. 42

Legal framework

 43

The public domain................................................................ 44

iiiOpen content........................................................................ 44

Intellectual property conservancies........................................ 44

Creative Commons (CC) licenses........................................... 45

Creative Commons licenses: An example............................... 46

About Science Commons....................................................... 57

Copyleft................................................................................. 58

Institutional Open Access policies and mandates: 

NIH example

 59

Need for the policy................................................................ 61

Scope of the policy................................................................ 63

Potential for public misunderstanding of research findings: NIH 

prospective............................................................................ 64

Version control and quality of manuscripts............................ 65

Potential for acceleration of medical cures............................. 66

Potential economic impact on journal publishers................... 66

Potential impact on journal peer review................................. 68

Potential impact on scientists................................................. 69

Open Access publication and the NIH Public Access Policy.. 70

Economic models for journal publishing

 71

Subscription-based journals................................................... 72

Open Access journals............................................................ 73

Limited Open Access journals............................................... 75

Funding scientific Open Access

 77

Financial sustainability via advertising: A proposal................ 78

Target specific advertisement................................................. 78

Ads by Google....................................................................... 79

Google AdSense ads for Open Access journals...................... 80

A free fully-hosted Open Journal systems platform................ 81

SCOAP3................................................................................ 82

Benefits of SCOAP3............................................................... 83

Getting found, staying found, increasing impact

85

Getting found: Building the visibility of your journal.............. 86

What are commercial indexes?.............................................. 86

What are open databases?..................................................... 87

Open indexes........................................................................ 88

Directories............................................................................. 89

ivSearch engines....................................................................... 90

Open Archive metadata harvesters......................................... 92

Libraries................................................................................ 93

The media.............................................................................. 95

How to distribute a press release........................................... 96

Web 2.0 and Open Access

 97

The personal research portal (PRP)......................................... 98

Social software, Web 2.0 and DIY web technologies............. 101

‘How to’ hints: a PRP prototype............................................. 103

PRP and the knowledge divide............................................... 105

Remarks................................................................................ 111

Open academic webcasting

 113

Bandwidth consuming technologies...................................... 114

Connectivity trends in Developing Countries......................... 115

Enhance your audience (EyA)................................................ 116

Digitization of open course content....................................... 117

Evaluation and assessment..................................................... 119

Remarks................................................................................ 120

MIT OpenCourseWare........................................................... 121

Video communications with SciVee....................................... 122

PART 2: SOFTWARE

 125

EPrints

 127

EPrints live CD....................................................................... 128

Using the live CD.................................................................. 129

Storing your archive on a memory stick................................. 130

Restoring your archive from memory stick............................. 132

DSpace

 133

DSpace FAQ.......................................................................... 134

Self-Archiving FAQ

 143

What is self-archiving?........................................................... 144

Open Access archives: Examples

 149

ArXiv e-Print archive.............................................................. 150

Open Access services at ICTP: Scientific publications............ 151

HAL: Hyper Article en ligne................................................... 153

vSpir@l: Imperial College digital repository............................. 154

PubMed Central..................................................................... 155

An international open archive: E-LIS

 159

Overview............................................................................... 161

The E-LIS organizational model.............................................. 163

Strategic issues....................................................................... 165

E-LIS policies......................................................................... 167

Submission policy.................................................................. 167

Copyright policies.................................................................. 169

Editorial section..................................................................... 171

Open Journals System

 175

Step 1: The Journal Manager.................................................. 177

Step 2: The Author................................................................. 179

Step 3: The Editor................................................................... 180

Step 4: The Section Editor....................................................... 182

Step 5: The Reviewer............................................................. 183

Step 6: The Copyeditor........................................................... 184

Step 7: The Layout Editor........................................................ 185

Step 8: The Proofreader.......................................................... 186

Step 9: The Reader................................................................. 187

Topaz

 189

What is TOPAZ?..................................................................... 190

Case study: PLoS ONE journal............................................... 191

CDS Invenio

 193

CDS Invenio.......................................................................... 194

Key features........................................................................... 195




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