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Author: Unknown
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: common, defense, contribution, allies, burden, sharing, nato
Number of Pages: 72
Published: 1990-09-30
ISBN-10: 0788103121
ISBN-13: 9780788103124

Since NATOąs establishment in 1949, the cost of providing for the collective protection of the alliance was to łbe shared equitably among the member countries. ̨ This report provides a historical presentation of defense burden sharing. Determines the status of U.S. burden sharing initiatives proposed to NATO allies since 1980 and the alliesą responsiveness to those initiatives, (2) the alliesą record in meeting their military commitments, and (3) the effect of future force reductions on defense burden sharing. Charts and tables.

Author: Robert F. Reed
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: defense, burden, sharing, alliance, japan
Number of Pages: 76
Published: 1983
ISBN-10: 0788147994
ISBN-13: 9780788147999

Only of late has defense 3burden sharing2 emerged as a key issue in U.S.-Japanese relations. This monograph examines the legal, political, economic, and attitudinal constraints inhibiting the Japanese from contributing more to their defense. Includes discussion on the legal obligation of burden sharing; indicators of contribution to defense; legal, policy, and political constraints; Japanıs defense contribution and some initiatives for increased burden sharing; and U.S. strategy to influence Japanıs contribution. Charts and tables.

Author: George A. Scott
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: higher, estimated, reduced, increased, coordination, burden, collection, education, institutions, reported, data
Number of Pages: 43
Published: 2011-05
ISBN-10: 1437939546
ISBN-13: 9781437939545

The Integrated Post-secondary Education Data System is the fed. government's core post-secondary data collection program. Approximately 6,800 post-secondary schools are required to complete annual IPEDS surveys on topics including enrollment, graduation rates, and finances. This report examined: (1) the time and cost burden for schools completing the surveys; (2) options for reducing this burden; and (3) the potential benefits and challenges of collecting additional graduation rate data. To do this, the author interviewed staff from 22 post-secondary schools, reviewed existing estimates of the

Author: WHO Scientific Group on the Burden of Musculoskele
Publisher: World Health Organization
Keywords: report, scientific, group, millennium, new, musculoskeletal, conditions, start, burden
Number of Pages: 232
Published: 2003
ISBN-10: 9241209194
ISBN-13: 9789241209199

Musculoskeletal conditions are extremely common and include more than 150 different diseases and syndromes, which are usually associated with pain and loss of function. In the developed world, where these conditions are already the most frequent cause of physical disability, ageing of the most populous demographic groups will further increase the burden these conditions impose. In the developing world, successful care of childhood and communicable diseases and an increase in road traffic accidents is shifting the burden to musculoskeletal and other non-communicable conditions. To help better p

Author: Alan D. Lopez
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Keywords: factors, risk, disease, burden, global
Number of Pages: 511
Published: 2006-03-30
ISBN-10: 0821362623
ISBN-13: 9780821362624

Over the past ten years, methodological development to measure disease burden, new data sets for large populations (eg. Tanzania, South Africa) and research to critically evaluate existing data sets (eg. China) have greatly increased the potential to measure disease burden more reliable in all regions of the world. Yet, to date, this research does not exist in one consolidated form. There is neither a comprehensive presentation of new methods, data sets and their evaluation, nor is there a single compilation of the enormous amount of epidemiological detail by age, sex, cause, sequelae and regi

Author: Christine Eibner
Publisher: RAND
Keywords: worse, small, firms, insurance, health, burden, providing, economic
Number of Pages: 100
Published: 2008
ISBN-10: 0833044117
ISBN-13: 9780833044112

More than 60 percent of nonelderly Americans receive health-insurance (HI) coverage through employers, either as policyholders or as dependents. However, rising health-care costs are leading many to question the long-term viability of the employer-based insurance system. Concerns about the economic burden of providing HI are particularly acute for small businesses, which are both less likely than larger firms to offer HI and more sensitive to price when deciding to offer insurance. Small firms may have difficulty containing costs due to their limited bargaining power and their inability to hir

Author: Nicole V. Crain
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: firms, small, costs, regulatory, impact
Number of Pages: 95
Published: 2011-01
ISBN-10: 1437940617
ISBN-13: 9781437940619

This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. The annual cost of federal regulations in the U.S. increased to more than $1.75 trillion in 2008. Had every U.S. household paid an equal share of the federal regulatory burden, each would have owed $15,586 in 2008. While all citizens and businesses pay some portion of these costs, the distribution of the burden of regulations is quite uneven. The portion of regulatory costs that falls initially on businesses was $8,086 per employee in 2008. Small businesses, defined as firms employing fewer than 20 employees, bear the largest bur
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