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Author: James Feigenbaum (au)
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: three, decades, over, uncertainties, income, household
Number of Pages: 39
Published: 2011-08-01
ISBN-10: 1437987435
ISBN-13: 9781437987430

Studies the trend in household income uncertainty using a novel approach that measures income uncertainty as the variance of forecast errors at each future horizon separately without imposing parametric restrictions on the underlying income shocks. Household income uncertainty has risen significantly and persistently since the early 1970s. Their measure of near-future uncertainty in total family non-capital income rose 40% between 1971 and 2002. This rising uncertainty is likely due to the increase in variances of both persistent and transitory income shocks. The increase was most pronounced a

Author: Ron Durst
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: rural, households, income, low, tax, policies, federal
Number of Pages: 27
Published: 2011-08
ISBN-10: 1437985564
ISBN-13: 9781437985566

Analyzes the increasing use of refundable tax credits targeted to low- and moderate-income households in the Federal individual income tax and determines their implications for rural America. The analysis matches a zip code approximation of the 2006 Rural-Urban Commuting Area Codes with IRS Individual Income Tax zip code and related data. These data are then used to examine the impact of the recent expansions to income tax credit programs on affected households. Expansions to both the refundable and non-refundable portions of the Earned Income and Child Tax credits have provided a major source

Author: Mark Nord
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: food, income, low, households, middle, increased, spending, declined, insecurity
Number of Pages: 25
Published: 2010-11
ISBN-10: 1437924832
ISBN-13: 9781437924831

From 2000-07, median spending on food by U.S. households declined by 12%, and by 6% relative to the Consumer Price Index for Food and Beverages. Over the same period, the national prevalence of very low food security increased by about one-third, from 3.1% of households in 2000 to 4.1% in 2007. The deterioration in food security was greatest in the second-lowest income quintile. These estimates are corroborated by corresponding declines in food expenditures by middle- and low-income households. The declines in food spending by middle- and low-income households were accompanied by increases in

Author: Hayden Stewart
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: fruits, vegetables, budget, willing, income, households, lower
Number of Pages: 29
Published: 2011-01
ISBN-10: 1437938744
ISBN-13: 9781437938746

This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. Are low-income households generally willing and able to budget for healthful foods like fruits and vegetables, or are other goods and services, including other foods, more of a priority? For six out of seven selected types of food, households with an income below 130% of the poverty line spend less money than higher income households. However, these households, when given a small increase in income, will allocate more money to only two out of the seven products, beef and frozen prepared foods. These foods may be priorities for re

Author: J. Humberto López
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Keywords: inequality, growth, poverty, relationship, normal
Number of Pages: 30
Published: 2006
eBookDB-ID: lvFBPzfPzd

Using a large cross-country income distribution dataset spanning close to 800 country-year observations from industrial and developing countries, the authors show that the size distribution of per capita income is well approximated empirically by a lognormal density. The null hypothesis that per capita income follows a lognormal distribution cannot be rejected-although the same hypothesis is unambiguously rejected when applied to per capita consumption. The authors show that lognormality of per capita income has important implications for the relative roles of income growth and inequality chan

Author: DIANE Publishing Company
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: state, trends, income, analysis, pulling, apart
Number of Pages: 81
Published: 2000-03
ISBN-10: 078818962X
ISBN-13: 9780788189623

Despite the strong economic growth & tight labor markets of recent years, income disparities in most states are significantly greater in the late 1990s than they were during the 1980s. This trend, however, varies by state. This analysis examines trends in income inequality in each of the 50 states over the past 2 bus. cycles. Income inequality increased in all states but 4 over the last 2 decades; the gap between high-income families & the poor & middle-class is wide; & the economic prosperity of the 1990s has not been shared equally. The report identifies the causes of rising inequality, & sh

Author: J. Michael Harris
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: outlook, finance, income, agricultural
Number of Pages: 76
Published: 2010-10
ISBN-10: 1437927823
ISBN-13: 9781437927825

Provides an overview of the financial characteristics and performance of the U.S. farm sector and farm bus., and the financial status of farm households. All three measures of farm income are projected to decline in 2009 ż net farm income, net cash income, and net value added. Uncertainty surrounds the forecasts of farm assets, debt, and equity in 2009, given the volatility of commodity, energy/input, and financial markets. Farm financial ratios monitoring liquidity, efficiency, solvency, and profitability show that the sectorżs financial performance in 2008-09, while slightly worse than in
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