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Author: Kristin F. Butcher
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: economic, perspectives, reprint, force, disability, labor, obesity
Number of Pages: 15
Published: 2008-10
ISBN-10: 1437902391
ISBN-13: 9781437902396

Men of prime working age have increased their non-employment rates over the past 30 years, and disability rates have also increased. Many have noted that this increase has happened against a backdrop of generally improving health in the U.S. population. However, obesity has increased substantially over this period. The authors find that changes in the characteristics of male workers -- including age, race, ethnicity, and obesity levels -- can explain a large portion (around 40%) of the increase in non-employment. Charts and tables.
8528

Author: Aaron Steelman
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: economic, quarterly, reprint, inequality, driving, wage, whats
Number of Pages: 17
Published: 2008-10-01
ISBN-10: 1437904971
ISBN-13: 9781437904970

Wage inequality has increased sharply in the U.S. since the mid-1970s. While some have argued that globalization -- in particular, increased international trade and immigration -- is primarily responsible for changes in the wage distribution, the authors argue that the main cause is skill-biased technical change. Workers with relatively high skill levels have experienced more rapid growth in wages than less-skilled workers, some of whom have seen an actual decline in their real wages. Although technical change likely has increased wage inequality, it also has greatly enhanced productivity and
6560

Author: Thomas J. McCool
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: states, economic, downturns, assistance, federal, improving, responsiveness, medicaid
Number of Pages: 50
Published: 2011-08
ISBN-10: 1437983901
ISBN-13: 9781437983906

In response to the most recent U.S. recession, Congress passed the Recovery Act (RA). To help states maintain their Medicaid programs and provide states with fiscal relief, the RA temporarily increased the fed. share of Medicaid funding for states. The fed. funding states receive for Medicaid is determined by a statutory formula (FMAP). The RA also required a study of options for providing a temporary increased FMAP in response to future recessions. This report reviewed how past recessions affected statesż ability to fund Medicaid, examined the responsiveness of past increased FMAP assistance
13137

Author: DIANE Publishing Company
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: credit, year, recipients, tax, profile, income, earned
Number of Pages: 44
Published: 1996-11-01
ISBN-10: 0788134736
ISBN-13: 9780788134739

Presents information on participation in the Earned Income Credit (EIC) program for tax years 1990 through 1994 & the characteristics of taxpayers who received the EIC in tax year 1994. Total EIC program costs have increased dramatically in recent years as Congress has extended EIC coverage & increased credit rates. From tax year 1990 to tax year 1994, EIC costs increased 150% from $8.6 billion to $21.2 billion. During that same period the number of EIC recipients increased by about 50% -- from 12.6 billion to 19.1 billion. Charts & tables.
19319

Author: Maria Paula Savanti
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Keywords: productivity, credentialism, argentina, schooling, returns, rising
Number of Pages: 15
Published: 2005
eBookDB-ID: GGKEY:YX6T

There has not been much change in the premium to primary education, while the returns to secondary education increased, but by less than the premium to university. The returns to incomplete university also increased significantly. There is a signal that there might be credentialism at the tertiary level, but 15 years of schooling also represents a significant threshold. The returns to schooling are higher in the private sector. There is little evidence of screening or credentialism driving the returns to schooling, which increased significantly in Argentina from 1992 to 2002.
14678

Author: UNAIDS
Publisher: World Health Organization
Keywords: programmes, vulnerabilities, impact, treatment, prevention, economic, crisis, hiv, global
Number of Pages: 40
Published: 2009-11-30
ISBN-10: 9291738077
ISBN-13: 9789291738076

The global economic crisis threatens recent gains in health and poverty reduction in developing countries. What is the effect of the crisis on HIV programs, especially in high HIV prevalence countries? What are the possible consequences? What can be done to avoid negative impacts? Much is at risk: increased mortality and morbidity, unplanned interruptions or curtailed access to treatment, with increased risk of HIV transmission, higher future financial costs, increased burden on health systems and reversal of economic and social development gains.
10834

Author: Oth Mullis
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: fuels, blended, ethanol, impacts, alcohol, increased
Number of Pages: 46
Published: 2000-08-01
ISBN-10: 0788101080
ISBN-13: 9780788101083

Presents information on the ethanol industryıs capability to expand its production capacity, the effects that expanded production could have on the agricultural sector and consumer food prices, and how the increased production could affect certain aspects of the federal budget. Charts and tables.
16539
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