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Author: Jonathan Heathcote
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: inequality, united, states, economic, analysis, stand, empirical, unequal
Number of Pages: 61
Published: 2009
ISBN-10: 1437934919
ISBN-13: 9781437934915

The authors conducted a systematic empirical study of cross-sectional inequality in the U.S., integrating data from various surveys. The authors follow the mapping suggested by the household budget constraint from individual wages to individual earnings, to household earnings, to disposable income, and, ultimately, to consumption and wealth. They document a continuous and sizable increase in wage inequality over the sample period. Changes in the distribution of hours worked sharpen the rise in earnings inequality before 1982, but mitigate its increase thereafter. Taxes and transfers compress t

Author: Fatih Guvenen
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: cross, cultural, analysis, inequality, wage, human, capital, taxation
Number of Pages: 57
Published: 2010-10
ISBN-10: 1437934900
ISBN-13: 9781437934908

Wage inequality has been significantly higher in the U.S. than in continental European countries since the 1970s. This report studies the role of labor income tax policies (LITP) for understanding these facts. Countries with more progressive LITP have significantly lower before-tax wage inequality at different points in time. Progressivity is also negatively correlated with the rise in wage inequality during this period. Wage inequality arises from differences across individuals in their ability to learn new skills as well as from idiosyncratic shocks. Progressive taxation compresses the (afte

Author: Ricardo Paes de Barros
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Keywords: america, caribbean, latin, opportunity, inequality, measuring
Number of Pages: 222
Published: 2009
ISBN-10: 0821377450
ISBN-13: 9780821377451

Equality of opportunity is about leveling the playing field so that circumstances such as gender, ethnicity, place of birth, or family background do not influence a person's life chances. Success in life should depend on people's choices, effort and talents, not to their circumstances at birth. 'Measuring Inequality of Opportunities in Latin America and the Caribbean' introduces new methods for measuring inequality of opportunities and makes an assessment of its evolution in Latin America over a decade.An innovative Human Opportunity Index and other parametric and non-parametric techniques are

Author: Albert Fishlow
Publisher: Council on Foreign Relations
Keywords: wage, inequality, global, consequences, apart, causes, growing
Number of Pages: 238
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0876092555
ISBN-13: 9780876092552

This important book joins the trade debate with a robust defense of the principleand practice of free trade in the United States. The editors have commissioned essays from leading economists and trade specialists that challenge the view that trade is solely responsible for growing income inequality in the U.S. The authors also refute the notion that protectionism will reverse inequality and analyze the impact of such threats as technological progress, foreign direct investment, immigration, and expanded higher education.

Author: Abdo Yazbeck
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Keywords: evidence, tools, synthesis, sector, inequality, health, attacking
Number of Pages: 336
Published: 2009
ISBN-10: 0821374443
ISBN-13: 9780821374443

A breakthrough in measuring inequalities in health has shattered myths about the effectiveness of health systems in helping the poor. The resulting evidence on outcome inequality is overwhelming. Children from poor families from over 50 low- and middle-income countries suffer malnutrition and die at much higher rates than children from better-off families. Fertility rates for poor women far outpace those of better-off women. The most jarring finding, however, is not that the poor suffer more, but that health systems, even when publicly financed, are much more likely to serve the better-off tha

Author: Aaron Steelman
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: economic, quarterly, reprint, inequality, driving, wage, whats
Number of Pages: 17
Published: 2008-10-01
ISBN-10: 1437904971
ISBN-13: 9781437904970

Wage inequality has increased sharply in the U.S. since the mid-1970s. While some have argued that globalization -- in particular, increased international trade and immigration -- is primarily responsible for changes in the wage distribution, the authors argue that the main cause is skill-biased technical change. Workers with relatively high skill levels have experienced more rapid growth in wages than less-skilled workers, some of whom have seen an actual decline in their real wages. Although technical change likely has increased wage inequality, it also has greatly enhanced productivity and

Author: Unknown
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Keywords: brazil, development, economic, inequality
Number of Pages: 281
Published: 2004
ISBN-10: 0821358804
ISBN-13: 9780821358801

Inequality and Economic Development in Brazil is part of the World Bank Country Study series. These reports are published with the approval of the subject government to communicate the results of the Bank's work on the economic and related conditions of member countries to governments and to the development community.Excessive income inequality is unfair and undesirable on ethical grounds and can bring adverse effects on economic growth, health outcomes, social cohesion, and crime. Excessively unequal initial conditions are likely to lead to a perverse cycle of weak social mobility. Such is th
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