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Author: Randy Schnepf
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: inflation, price, food, consumers
Number of Pages: 33
Published: 2011-08
ISBN-10: 1437985270
ISBN-13: 9781437985276

The heightened commodity price volatility of 2008 and 2010 and the subsequent acceleration in U.S. food price inflation associated with those market shifts generated questions about farm and food price movements. This report addresses the nature and measurement of retail food price inflation. Contents of this report: Intro.; Consumer Demand; The Consumer Price Index (CPI); Consumer Income and Expenditures; Recent Food Price Inflation; Federal Spending for Domestic Food Assistance Programs: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly Food Stamps); Child Nutrition; The WIC Program;
12975

Author: Yash P. Mehra
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: economic, quarterly, reprint, spending, prices, consumer, oil
Number of Pages: 20
Published: 2008-10
ISBN-10: 143790498X
ISBN-13: 9781437904987

Empirical evidence suggests that oil price increases have a negative effect on spending whereas oil price declines have no effect. The estimated negative effect of an oil price increase on spending is larger if we focus on oil price increases that occur after a period of stable oil prices (net oil price increases), or if spending includes durables, the latter suggesting the possible negative influence of energy prices on the purchase of big-ticket consumption goods. Furthermore, the estimated oil price coefficients in the consumption equation do not show parameter instability during the 1980s,
28274

Author: John E. Dicken
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: competition, limited, contribute, extraordinary, increases, price, drugs, equivalent, prescription, new, drug, pricing, therapeutically, lack, brand
Number of Pages: 40
Published: 2010-06
ISBN-10: 1437927017
ISBN-13: 9781437927016

The growing cost of brand-name prescription drugs (BNPD) -- FDA-approved drug products that typically have patent protection -- is a concern for patients, payers, and providers of health care -- particularly when price increases are large and occur suddenly. A 2008 congressional hearing drew attention to some small market prescription drugs that had an extraordinary price increase -- 100% or more at a single point in time. This report examined extraordinary price increases for BNPD. It examined the: (1) frequency of extraordinary price increases for BNPD from 2000 to 2008; (2) characteristics
4101

Author: James K. Jackson
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: oil, price, dollar, deficit, trade
Number of Pages: 24
Published: 2011-05-01
ISBN-10: 1437983170
ISBN-13: 9781437983173

Despite common perceptions that there is a direct cause and effect relationship between changes in the international exchange value of the dollar and the price of oil, an analysis of data during recent periods indicates that changes in the price of oil are driven by changes in the demand for oil that is different from the supply of oil, rather than changes in the value of the dollar. Contents of this report: (1) Overview; (2) The Dollar and the Price of Oil: Real and Nominal Oil Prices; Major Currencies; (3) The Price of Oil: Oil Exchanges; Oil Demand and Supply; (4) The International Exchange
18650

Author: Raisuddin Ahmed
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Keywords: price, bangladesh, stabilization, fluctuation, rice, approach
Number of Pages: 88
Published: 1989
ISBN-10: 0896290743
ISBN-13: 9780896290747
45305

Author: Fred Kuchler
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: snack, foods, vegetables, fruits, trends, similar, price
Number of Pages: 29
Published: 2011-01
ISBN-10: 1437938760
ISBN-13: 9781437938760

This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. An increase in the price of fruits and vegetables relative to less healthy foods could reduce consumersż incentives to purchase fruits and vegetables and result in less healthy diets. Whether such a change in relative prices and incentives has occurred in the U.S. is difficult to prove because of quality improvements in many fresh fruits and vegetables. For commonly consumed fresh fruits and vegetables for which quality has remained fairly constant, analysis of price trends reveals a price decline similar to that of dessert and
9351

Author: Diansheng Dong
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: effective, price, discounts, coupons, consumption, fruit, vegetable, promoting
Number of Pages: 31
Published: 2010-10
ISBN-10: 143793465X
ISBN-13: 9781437934656

This study looks at coupons and price discounts, two methods of lowering the cost of fruits and vegetables (F&V), and uses household purchase data and a consumer demand model to examine each method. Coupons influence consumer behavior through a price-discount effect and an informational/advertising effect. Because of this dual effect, the use of a coupon to increase F&V purchases may be more effective than a pure price-discount policy or other noncoupon promotion. Assuming a coupon usage rate of 10 to 50 percent, lowering prices through a ż10 percent offż coupon would increase averag
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