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Author: Mary Ahearn
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: productivity, agricultural
Number of Pages: 796
Published: 2008-05-01
ISBN-10: 1428988602
ISBN-13: 9781428988606

Increased productivity is a key to a healthy & thriving economy. Agriculture has been a very successful sector of the U.S. economy in terms of productivity growth. Agricultural productivity growth has been an important source of U.S. economic growth throughout the century, but the years since 1940 have seen an even faster growth in agricultural productivity. The annual average increase in productivity from 1949 to 1994 was 1.94%. This report describes changes in U.S. agricultural productivity, & its output & input components, for 1948-94. The report also discusses factors that have affected pr

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
Keywords: agriculture, competitiveness, productivity, fostering
Number of Pages: 111
Published: 2011-12-06
ISBN-10: 9264166807
ISBN-13: 9789264166806

This report reviews economic concepts of innovation, research and development (R&D), productivity and competitiveness, and their linkages. It then discusses evidence on developments in productivity and competitiveness in the agricultural and food processing sectors and on the relationship between agricultural productivity and farm size, factor intensity, farm specialisation, human capital, consumer demand, the natural environment, investments in general infrastructures and R&D, regulations, and agricultural policies. It describes developments in public and private investments in agricultural R

Author: Thomas J. Holmes
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: evidence, review, productivity, competition
Number of Pages: 41
Published: 2010-10
ISBN-10: 1437934897
ISBN-13: 9781437934892

Does competition spur productivity? And if so, how? These have long been regarded as central questions in economics. The extent of competition can be influenced by policy decisions, so understanding how competition impacts productivity and, in turn, living standards is of more than academic importance. To fully answer these questions of whether, and how, an increase in competition impacts productivity, two issues must be addressed. First, the authors define what we mean by an żincrease in competition.ż Second, they attempt to understand the mechanisms through which competition impacts produc

Author: Intizar Hussain
Publisher: IWMI
Keywords: commands, lower, indus, basin, canal, across, performance, irrigated, wheat, farms, productivity
Number of Pages: 38
Published: 2000
ISBN-10: 9290904151
ISBN-13: 9789290904151

A study of the enormous differences in agricultural productivity that exist across farms and regions in Pakistan, where, for example, recent farm-level data from Sindh, indicates that irrigated wheat output per hectare varies from 0.5 to 5.4 tons across farms. Looks at the central goal of agricultural policy in the country, viz. improving and sustaining productivity, narrowing the existing productivity gaps, and enhancing resource use efficiencies to meet food requirements of a rapidly growing population.

Author: David Molden
Publisher: IWMI
Keywords: south, asia, examples, water, level, productivity, basin
Number of Pages: 34
Published: 2001
ISBN-10: 9290904259
ISBN-13: 9789290904250

Discusses and illustrates concepts for identifying ways of improving productivity of water within basins. The results of applying a water accounting procedure to four sub-basins in South Asia (Bhakra in India; Chishtian in Pakistan; Huruluwewa in nothern Sri Lanka; and Kirindi Oya in southern Sri Lanka) are presented. The methodology used identifies the quantities and productivity of various uses of water within a basin. This information is then used to identify the water-saving potential, and the means of improving the productivity of the managed supplies.

Author: Constance A. Harrington
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: focus, workshop, proceedings, products, forest, western, forests, productivity
Number of Pages: 217
Published: 2008-01
ISBN-10: 1428987649
ISBN-13: 9781428987647

This workshop brought together researchers & practitioners who discussed the economic & biological factors influencing wood production & value. Management activities would be practiced within a framework of sustaining or improving site productivity; thus, several papers deal with methods to protect or improve productivity or discuss new studies designed to test the effects of various practices. This pub. includes 11 papers based on oral presentations at the conf., 3 papers based on posters, & 2 papers describing the Fall River & Matlock Long-Term Site Productivity study areas visited on the fi

Author: Márcio Issao Nakane
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Keywords: brazil, evidence, productivity, privatization, bank
Number of Pages: 34
Published: 2005

Over the past decade, the Brazilian banking industry has undergone major and deep transformations with several privatizations of state-owned banks, mergers and acquisitions, closing down of troubled banks, entry by foreign banks, and so on. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the impacts of these changes in banking on total factor productivity. The authors first obtain measures of bank level productivity by employing the techniques due to Levinsohn and Petrin (2003). They then relate such measures to a set of bank characteristics. Their main results indicate that state-owned banks are les
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