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Author: Meine Pieter Van Dijk
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Keywords: developing, countries, international, markets, producers, local, value, chains, linking, global
Number of Pages: 281
Published: 2012-03-15
ISBN-10: 9089643605
ISBN-13: 9789089643605

This book contains seven case studies of global value chains as well as a discussion of the theory behind these chains. Specifically, it examines the impact of global value chains on local upgrading strategies, as well as the role of governments, buyers, donors, and civil society in influencing value chains and the importance of partnerships as mechanisms for value chain upgrading. An impressive group of eminent scholars deliver a thorough examination of this important economic and political phenomenon.

Author: Xing Quan Zhang
Publisher: UN-HABITAT
Keywords: china, yantai, upgrading, urban, housing
Number of Pages: 70
Published: 2008-01-01
ISBN-10: 9211319234
ISBN-13: 9789211319231

Author: Unknown
Publisher: UN-HABITAT
Keywords: upgrading, frameworks, slum, poor, perspective, pro, analytical
Number of Pages: 79
Published: 2006
ISBN-10: 9211318416
ISBN-13: 9789211318418

Author: Kenya Slum Upgrading Programme
Publisher: UN-HABITAT
Keywords: kisumu, settlements, informal, analysis, situation
Number of Pages: 103
Published: 2005
ISBN-10: 9211317657
ISBN-13: 9789211317657

Author: Elena Piffero
Publisher: Odoya srl
Keywords: cairo, informal, neighbourhoods, upgrading, authoritarian, participation, urban, development, happened
Number of Pages: 226
Published: 2009
ISBN-10: 8896026180
ISBN-13: 9788896026182

Author: Jonathan Mitchell
Publisher: IDRC
Keywords: value, chains, upgrading, poverty, rural, markets
Number of Pages: 292
Published: 2011-06-20
ISBN-10: 1849713138
ISBN-13: 9781849713139

The 'value chain' for any particular product or service is the value added by different processes or activities at each stage of production. This set of linkages is now often truly global. Businesses, constantly trying to increase efficiency as growing competition forces firms to lower costs, engage with emerging markets on an increasing scale. At the same time, urbanisation and increasing prosperity in many developing countries have created new and expanded domestic markets for agricultural products.This book explores the place of poor people within a rich variety of value chains, focusing up

Author: Luiz R. de Mello
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Keywords: fiscal, local, governments, brazilian, adjustment, responsibility, legislation, case
Number of Pages: 24
Published: 2006

This paper discusses trends in fiscal adjustment in Brazil since the 1990s, with particular emphasis on the strengthening of institutions for fiscal policymaking, and its effect on local government finances and their ability to invest in infrastructure building and upgrading. Although fiscal adjustment, which is ongoing, has taken a toll on the government's ability to finance much-needed infrastructure investment, it is not the only culprit. A lack of budget flexibility, against a backdrop of increasing downward rigidities in current spending, also constrains the government's ability to invest
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