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Author: Thomas J. Holmes
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: evidence, review, productivity, competition
Number of Pages: 41
Published: 2010-10
ISBN-10: 1437934897
ISBN-13: 9781437934892

Does competition spur productivity? And if so, how? These have long been regarded as central questions in economics. The extent of competition can be influenced by policy decisions, so understanding how competition impacts productivity and, in turn, living standards is of more than academic importance. To fully answer these questions of whether, and how, an increase in competition impacts productivity, two issues must be addressed. First, the authors define what we mean by an żincrease in competition.ż Second, they attempt to understand the mechanisms through which competition impacts produc

Author: Oman Charles P.
Publisher: OECD Publishing
Keywords: competition, among, study, governments, fdi, attract, investment, direct, centre, studies, policy, foreign, development
Number of Pages: 132
Published: 2000-03-08
ISBN-10: 9264171975
ISBN-13: 9789264171978

Competition for foreign direct investment has been neglected as a subject of research. Yet many claim that such competition is having deleterious effects, such as lowering governments’ standards of protection of the environment and workers’ rights. ...

Author: John P. Hutton
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: reasons, one, offer, received, assess, competition, contracting, opportunities, exist, increase, federal
Number of Pages: 61
Published: 2011-04
ISBN-10: 1437938337
ISBN-13: 9781437938333

Competition is a critical tool for achieving the best return on the government's investment. While federal agencies are generally required to award contracts on the basis of full and open competition, they are permitted to award non-competitive contracts in certain situations. Agencies are also required to establish competition advocates to promote competition. This report assessed: (1) trends in non-competitive contracts and those receiving only one offer when competed; (2) exceptions to and factors affecting competition; (3) whether contracting approaches reflected sound procurement practice

Author: Kate M. Manuel
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: legal, requirements, overview, contracting, federal, competition
Number of Pages: 39
Published: 2010-01
ISBN-10: 1437922651
ISBN-13: 9781437922653

Contents: (1) Introduction; (2) Background; (3) Contracts Not Subject to CICA; (4) Contracts Subject to CICA; Full and Open Competition Defined; Competitive Procedures Resulting in Full and Open Competition; ¿Full and Open Competition After Exclusion of Sources¿; Circumstances Permitting Other Than Full and Open Competition; Justifications and Approvals; ¿Special Simplified Procedures for Small Purchases¿; Other Competition Requirements; (5) Competition Requirements for Task and Delivery Order Contracts; (6) Legislation in the 111th Congress: Legislation Enacted in the 111th Congress; Legi

Author: Karel Van Miert
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: policy, competition, report, 25th, community, european
Number of Pages: 88
Published: 1998-07
ISBN-10: 0788171763
ISBN-13: 9780788171765

Discusses competition policy, which has a key role to play in ensuring that European industry remains competitive. Contents: cooperation & competition in a rapidly changing & increasingly global economic environment; transport; trans-European networks & competition rules; competition & environment, secondary product markets, liberal professions, subsidiarity & decentralization; state monopolies & monopoly rights: telecommunications, energy, postal services, transport, & other commercial state monopolies; merger control & state aid, international activities; & information policy. Charts & table

Author: Mark E. Gaffigan
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: efforts, commission, maintain, competition, industry, petroleum, trade, federal, analysis, markets, past, mergers, enhance, could, energy
Number of Pages: 69
Published: 2009-05
ISBN-10: 1437910440
ISBN-13: 9781437910445

During the late 1990s, many petroleum companies merged to stay profitable while crude oil prices were low, and in recent years mergers have continued. Congress and others have concerns about the impact mergers might be having on competition in U.S. petroleum markets. The FTC has the authority to maintain competition in the petroleum industry (PI) and reviews proposed mergers to determine whether they are likely to diminish competition or increase prices, among other things. This report examines: (1) mergers in the U.S. PI and changes in market concentration since 2000; and (2) the steps FTC us

Author: John E. Dicken
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: insurance, industry, competition, research, private, health
Number of Pages: 13
Published: 2010-06
ISBN-10: 1437921493
ISBN-13: 9781437921496

Consolidation in the private health insurance (PHI) industry may be resulting in less competitive markets and contributing to rising health insurance rates paid by consumers and employers. However, measuring the extent of changes in market competition over time or the effects of changes is challenging. Researchers have used the data available to study competition in PHI markets, typically using one of two measures of competition: HMO market concentration; or the number of HMOs in a market. This report summarizes the findings of peer-reviewed research on concentration in PHI markets and the rel
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