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Author: Susan S. Westin
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: implementing, sanctions, iraq, challenges, significant, mass, destruction, confronts, weapons
Number of Pages: 44
Published: 2003-09
ISBN-10: 075672659X
ISBN-13: 9780756726591

After 12 years of debate, U.N. sanctions against Iraq remain controversial. The sanctions aim to ensure that Iraq does not acquire or develop biological, chemical, or nuclear weapons, while also providing for Iraq's humanitarian needs. The sanctions are based on three interrelated elements -- controlling Iraq's oil revenues, screening & monitoring its imports, & inspecting for weapons. The sanctions attempt to address Iraq's humanitarian needs through a U.N. program allowing Iraq to sell oil to purchase civilian goods & through a new U.N. resolution taking effect on 5/30/02, that facilitates I
18099

Author: Joseph A. Christoff
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: committee, testimony, budget, house, representatives, surplus, expenditures, rebuilding, iraq, iraqi, revenues, stabilizing
Number of Pages: 16
Published: 2009-03-01
ISBN-10: 1437910025
ISBN-13: 9781437910025

Iraq has an estimated 115 billion barrels of crude oil reserves -- the third largest in the world. Oil export revenues are critical to Iraq¿s economy, accounting for over half of the country¿s gross domestic product and over 90% of revenues. This testimony discusses: (1) Iraq¿s estimated revenues from 2005 through 2008; (2) Iraq¿s estimated expenditures from 2005 through 2008; (3) Iraq¿s financial deposits through 2007 and budget surpluses; and (4) U.S. cumulative expenditures on stabilization and reconstruction activities in Iraq since 2003. Charts and tables.
5201

Authors: Olga Oliker, Keith Crane, Audra K. Grant, Terrenc
Publisher: RAND
Keywords: reassessment, iraq, options, policy
Number of Pages: 100
Published: 2007
ISBN-10: 0833041681
ISBN-13: 9780833041685

Iraq is the most pressing national security issue facing the United States today. This book evaluates the costs and benefits of five alternative strategies the United States could pursue in Iraq. The authors argue that, as long as the United States remains in Iraq, policy actions must focus on improving the security of Iraq
470

Author: Joseph A. Christoff
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: expenditures, surplus, revenues, iraqi, rebuilding, iraq, stabilizing
Number of Pages: 47
Published: 2009-02-01
ISBN-10: 1437908985
ISBN-13: 9781437908985

Iraq has an estimated 115 billion barrels of crude oil reserves, the third largest in the world. Oil export revenues are critical to Iraq¿s reconstruction, accounting for over 90% of the Iraqi government¿s revenues. In June 2008, the author reported low 2007 spending rates by the Iraqi gov¿t. for some critical sectors in the face of declining U.S. investments in these sectors. This report examines: (1) Iraq¿s estimated revenues from 2005 through 2008; (2) Iraq¿s estimated expenditures from 2005 through 2008; (3) Iraq¿s financial deposits through 2007 and budget surpluses; (4) U.S. cumula
5207

Author: Rachel Bronson
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: policy, iraq, conflict, post, principles, guiding
Number of Pages: 40
Published: 2008-10-01
ISBN-10: 1437903002
ISBN-13: 9781437903003

This report, written in 2002 when the U.S. and other nations were approaching a decision on whether or not to go to war with Iraq, notes that the Iraq debate is focused on the run-up to possible military action. However, the question of how the U.S. and the international community should manage post-conflict Iraq is even more consequential, as it will determine the long-term condition of Iraq and the entire Middle East. If Washington does not define its goals for Iraq and build support for them domestically and with its allies, future difficulties will overshadow any initial mil. success. This
20496

Author: Sharon L. Pickup
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: response, emergency, program, improve, iraq, oversight, commander’s, selection, actions, operations, needed, guide, project, military
Number of Pages: 40
Published: 2009-01
ISBN-10: 1437907156
ISBN-13: 9781437907155

More than $46 billion dollars has been spent for relief and reconstruction efforts in Iraq. DoD manages the Commanderżs Emerg. Response Program (CERP), which is designed to enable local commanders in Iraq and Afghanistan to respond to urgent humanitarian relief and reconstruction require. by carrying out programs that will assist the indigenous population. This report examines the following questions regarding the CERP program in Iraq: (1) To what extent does DoD guidance establish selection criteria for CERP projects?; (2) To what extent do commanders in Iraq coordinate CERP with other U.S.
7985

Author: Stuart W. Bowen
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: iraq, special, inspector, report, general, experience, lessons, reconstruction, hard
Number of Pages: 508
Published: 2009-05-01
ISBN-10: 1437912745
ISBN-13: 9781437912746

A combination of poor planning, weak oversight and greed cheated U.S. taxpayers and undermined American forces in Iraq and Afghanistan. U.S. taxpayers have paid nearly $51 billion for projects in Iraq, including training the Iraqi army and police and rebuilding Iraq's oil, electric, justice, health and transportation sectors. Many of the projects did not succeed, partly because of violence in Iraq and friction between U.S. officials in Washington and Iraqi officials in Baghdad. The U.S. govżt. "was neither prepared for nor able to respond quickly to the ever-changing demands" of stabilizing I
17461
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