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Author: Robin M. Nazzaro
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: guarantee, coverage, reclamation, costs, assurances, financial, mining, blm, needs, manage, hardrock
Number of Pages: 108
Published: 2005-11-01
ISBN-10: 1422302520
ISBN-13: 9781422302521

Billions of dollars in hardrock minerals, such as gold, have been extracted from fed. land now managed by the Bur. of Land Mgmt. (BLM). For years, some mining operators did not reclaim land, creating environ., health, & safety risks. Beginning in 1981, fed. reg. required all operators to reclaim BLM land disturbed by these oper. In 2001, fed. reg. began requiring operators to provide financial assurances (FA) before they began exploration or mining oper. This report determined the: types, amount, & coverage of FA operators currently in use; extent to which FA providers & others have paid to re

Author: Robin Nazzaro
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: assurances, financial, blm, land, testimony, congressional, mines, abandoned, information, mining, types, state, number, royalties, hardrock
Number of Pages: 16
Published: 2010-11
ISBN-10: 1437914144
ISBN-13: 9781437914146

The Gen. Mining Act of 1872 helped open the West by allowing individuals to obtain exclusive rights to mine gold, silver, and other hardrock minerals from fed. lands without having to pay a fed. royalty. However, western states charge royalties. For years, some mining operators did not reclaim land used in their mining operations, creating environ. and physical safety hazards. In 2001 the fed. gov¿t. began requiring operators to provide financial assurances to cover reclamation costs before they began exploration or mining operations. This testimony focuses on the: (1) royalties states charge

Author: Paul Noumba Um
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Keywords: telecommunications, costs, interconnection, calculating, model
Number of Pages: 82
Published: 2004
ISBN-10: 0821356712
ISBN-13: 9780821356715

The liberalization of the telecommunications markets in Sub-Saharan Africa led to increased competition on the provision and pricing of communication services. But, due to the lack of appropriate regulatory tools, newly established regulators are poorly equipped to arbitrate increasing interconnection disputes between competing operators.This guidebook and its associated CD-ROM, including the cost model, were prepared to provide Sub-Saharan Africa regulators and operators with a sound regulatory tool allowing the determination of accurate interconnection costs, thus facilitating the settlement

Author: Atsushi Iimi
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Keywords: evidence, sub, saharan, africa, industry, telecommunications, structure, network, externalities, price
Number of Pages: 43
Published: 2007
eBookDB-ID: GGKEY:0G82

Many developing countries have experienced significant developments in their telecommunications network. Countries in Africa are no exception to this. The paper examines what factor facilitates most network expansion using micro data from 45 fixed-line and mobile telephone operators in 18 African countries. In theory the telecommunications sector has two sector-specific characteristics: network externalities and discriminatory pricing. It finds that many telephone operators in the region use peak and off-peak prices and termination-based price discrimination, but are less likely to rely on str

Author: National Institute of Standards and Technology (U.
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: behavior, advanced, materials, mechanical, modeling, boundary, element, analysis, functions
Number of Pages: 174
Published: 1998-03
ISBN-10: 0788148184
ISBN-13: 9780788148187

Demonstrates the potential of Green's functions & boundary element methods in solving a broad range of practical materials science problems. Papers include: Accurate Discretization of Integral Operators, Boundary Element Analysis of Bimaterials Using Anisotropic Elastic Green's Functions, Mechanical Properties of Metal-Matrix Composites, Approximate Operators for Boundary Integral Equations in Transient Elastodynamics, Simulation of the Electrochemical Machining Process Using a 2D Fundamental Singular Solution, Elastic Green's Functions for Anisotropic Solids, & more. Charts & tables.

Author: Elizabeth A. Cotsworth
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Keywords: indian, landfills, country, draft, guidance, waste, solid, specific, flexibility, requests, municipal, site
Number of Pages: 120
Published: 2008-04-01
ISBN-10: 1428987800
ISBN-13: 9781428987807

Contents: Process for Tribal Government Municipal Solid Waste Landfills (MSWLF) Owners & Operators; Process for MSWLF Owners & Operators Other Than Tribal Governments; Review Process for a Tribe That Receives a Request from an Owner or Operator; Map of EPA Regions, Identification of EPA Regional Contacts, & Suggested Means of Demonstrating That Proposed Alternative Approaches Satisfy 40 CFR Part 258 Criteria; Sample Application Materials; Sample Response Materials for Tribes; & List of Public Involvement Process Resources. Illustrations.

Author: J. D. K. Wilson
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Keywords: fishing, vessels, small, operators, financial, savings, fuel
Number of Pages: 60
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 9251042233
ISBN-13: 9789251042236
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